Norway and Switzerland took the lead, while Finland and Denmark shared third spot in the study featuring a total of 167 countries. Trailing the ranking were Yemen, Afghanistan and Syria. Finland ascended to third after ranking sixth in the previous study.
The index is composed of three main categories – inclusion, justice and security – that, in turn, are divided into subcategories such as cellphone use and legal discrimination. Although the study shows troubling results for women in certain parts of the world, there is also reason for hope.
“Financial inclusion rose by at least 10 percentage points in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, and Mali. Libya and Iraq recorded major expansions in women’s cellphone use, while women in Pakistan reported feeling safer walking in their community at night,” the study states.
The index is maintained by the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security and Peace Research Institute Oslo. It is published biannually with the aim to promote the inclusion of women globally and contribute towards a more stable, safe and just world.