Study says Baltic Sea Diet reduces the risk of obesity
Noora Kanerva discovered in her doctoral dissertation that people adhering to the Baltic Sea diet, which is based on Nordic ingredients, have a 40 per cent lower risk of abdominal obesity than the average population. Their risk of higher inflammatory levels is also 40 per cent lower than among people who were the least committed to this diet.
The Baltic Sea diet resembles the well-known Mediterranean diet, except for the fact that the food ingredients have been adjusted to suit the Nordic latitudes. The Baltic Sea diet includes a lot of fruit, berries and vegetables, as well as Nordic grain types, rapeseed oil, fish and fat-free milk. Large amounts of red meat, hard fat and alcohol are essentially avoided.
People adhering to the Baltic Sea diet were found to eat almost double the amount of Nordic grains than those who are less committed to this diet. They also obtained more carbohydrates, fibres, vitamins and minerals from their diet, while consuming a lower amount of saturated fats and alcohol.
In particular, people eating plenty of Nordic grains had less abdominal obesity, as indicated by the waist circumference that should not exceed 90 cm in women and 100 cm in men. The low energy content and high fibre content of grains reduces the sensation of hunger, which is possibly the factor that prevents weight gain.
The research material covered nearly 12,000 Finns and included data from population surveys conducted by the National Institute for Health and Welfare, among others.